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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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\pard\plain \sb0\sa0\fs2\par\sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn4965\margrsxn2704\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60  \pard\plain \sb1408\sa0\fs2\par\sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn4965\margrsxn2704\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw720\colsr644\colno2\colw3208 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 286}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb11\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 VALABHI: THE LATER GUPTAS}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn832\margrsxn1620\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4133\fi0\ri0\sb220\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 century A.D. I-tsing found it, like Nalanda, a great \expndtw4 centre of learning in Western India. Never extending \expndtw5 beyond Saurastra, parts of Gujarat and Malava at the \expndtw4 height of its glory, the kingdom thus existed for nearly three centuries, and in the end fell a prey to Arab raids \expndtw6 from the side of Sind.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li5130\fi1292\ri490\sb97\sa0\sl-389\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\scaps\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw16\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 section \scaps0 E \expndtw-9 THE LATER GUPTAS OF   MAGADHA}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4144\fi508\ri11\sb184\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The Aphsad (Gaya district) inscription of Aditya-sena\super 1\nosupersub  and the Deo-Baranark (Shahabad district) inscrip\-\expndtw5 tion of Jrvitagupta II\super 2\nosupersub  disclosed the existence of a line \expndtw3 of Gupta princes, called the Later Guptas by modern \expndtw7 historians. The founder of this dynasty was Krisna-\expndtw3 gupta, but unfortunately his exact connection with the Imperial Guptas is nowhere mentioned. He and his two \expndtw1 successors, Harsaguptaand Jivitagupta I, must have ruled \expndtw4 Magadha in the interval between the death of Bhanu-\expndtw0 gupta and 6n (?Malava) = 5 54 A.D., when Kumaragupta \expndtw3 III was reigning. We get this date from the Haraha ins\-\expndtw2 cription\super 3\nosupersub  for Isanavarman Maukhari, who is represented \expndtw0 in the Aphsad inscription as having beeD defeated by \expndtw3 Kumaragupta III. After this victory, the latter perhaps, \expndtw1 extended his jurisdiction as far as Prayaga, for there are \expndtw2 indications that his funeral rites took place there.\super 4\nosupersub  The next ruler, Damodaragupta, was routed and killed by his \expndtw8 Maukhari contemporary,\super 5\nosupersub  who annexed A^agadha or}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4547\fi0\ri1958\sb241\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-7\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 1\nosupersub  \i C. 1.\i0 I., Ill, no. 42, pp. 200-08. \i\expndtw-11 *Ibid.\sub 9\nosupersub  \i0 no. 46, pp. 213-18.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4547\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx4673 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 3{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw6 Ep. Ind., \i0 XIV, pp. 110-20.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4154\fi392\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx4673 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 4{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw1 C. 1.L, \i0 Ill, p. 206, n. 3.    Of course, this argument by itself\line \expndtw3 has not much force.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4144\fi400\ri68\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 c\nosupersub  We learn from the Aphsad inscription that Damodaragupta, \expndtw0 "breaking up the proudly-stepping array of mighty elephants, \expndtw5 belonging to the Maukhari, became unconscious (and expired \expndtw7 in the fight)'\super 7\nosupersub  (C. \i I. L, \i0 III, pp. 203, 206, 1. 8). No doubt, the}\par }